Fungi species at Nyenrode

Nyenrode’s estate truly is a mycological paradise. In recent decades, some 1,300 species of fungi have been spotted here. In fact, among fungi experts, Nyenrode is known as the jewel in the mycological crown.
 
You can find toadstools growing all over the estate, but particularly in parts where the soil is acidic and where few plants other than moss thrive. Important areas are the old lanes where the grass is mown by the gardeners, such as the lane leading up to the castle, the central lane and the lane lined with beech trees. Other species of fungi grow on decaying timber in the woods. 
 
This unique environment, rich in minerals but with low levels of nitrogen, was produced by the combination of the soil’s composition (clay with plenty of lime) and centuries of maintenance, i.e. mowing and raking, rendering the soil acidic. These two aspects have created a suitable habitat for numerous rare or extremely rare species of fungi that have very specific requirements for the site of their growth. Illustrations of these species are coprinus strossmayerii (in Dutch: wortelende kapjesinktzwam), cystoderma simulatum (in Dutch: winterkorrelhoed), a variety of truffle from a genus that has not been seen previously in the Netherlands and even a new discovery, never recorded before by science: crepidotus cristatus (in Dutch: kristaloorzwammetje).
 
Approximately a quarter of the species of fungi found at Nyenrode are mentioned on the “Red List” as endangered species.
 
September and October are the best months for spotting toadstools at Nyenrode.

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